Gum Grafting

Gum Recession Surgery

When recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.

When there is only minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. Significant gum recession and exposes the root surface which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.

A tooth and the surrounding gums before gum grafting   A tooth and the surrounding gums after gum grafting
before and after gum grafting

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A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The gingival graft is placed to cover the exposed portion of the root.

The gingival graft procedure results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.